vectors and for_each

A friend of mine asked how to use the newer for_each and is it similar to the foreach in php, so here is the example that I gave and thus doing it online as well.

To start with the foreach (php version here) does loop over data and so does the for_each in c++, but the main difference is that the for_each in c++ is basically a for loop

for (; first!=last;++first)
   functionCall(*first);

where the functionCall is the parameter passed in to do something with that part of the data.

The great thing with c++ is that you are able to use either a method, structure etc as long as it is able to output a variable then we are good.

So here is a example, please note that I am loading up a vector e.g. only functions that have a single int make sense.

void printNumber (int i) {
	cout << "Print the number from a function : " << i << "\n";
}
 
for_each(v.begin(), v.end(), printNumber);

here we are using the for_each (where the v is a vector) passing in the start and end of the vector with a function as the last parameter.

and here

// create a object that can use the operator() to output value passed in.
struct structToOutput {
	void operator() (int i) {
		cout << "Struct to output : " << i << "\n";
	}
} structToOutputObject;
 
for_each(v.begin(), v.end(), structToOutputObject);

will output the values differently but in essence still able to access the values.

Here is the code in full

#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
#include <algorithm>
 
using namespace std;
 
void printNumber (int i) {
	cout << "Print the number from a function : " << i << "\n";
}
 
// create a object that can use the operator() to output value passed in.
struct structToOutput {
	void operator() (int i) {
		cout << "Struct to output : " << i << "\n";
	}
} structToOutputObject;
 
int main(int argc, char* argv[])
{
	// lets load up some dummy data.
	vector<int> v;
	for (int i =0; i< 10; i++)
		v.push_back(i);
 
	// run through the vector using a standard function with parameter
	for_each(v.begin(), v.end(), printNumber);
	// output using a operator() method
	for_each(v.begin(), v.end(), structToOutputObject);
	return 0;
}

with the output being

Print the number from a function : 0
Print the number from a function : 1
Print the number from a function : 2
Print the number from a function : 3
Print the number from a function : 4
Print the number from a function : 5
Print the number from a function : 6
Print the number from a function : 7
Print the number from a function : 8
Print the number from a function : 9
Struct to output : 0
Struct to output : 1
Struct to output : 2
Struct to output : 3
Struct to output : 4
Struct to output : 5
Struct to output : 6
Struct to output : 7
Struct to output : 8
Struct to output : 9

How to compile with g++

g++ <filename> -o <outfilename> -std=c++11

2 thoughts on “vectors and for_each”

  1. Hi, if you wish to have any help please ask :). — but I don’t to be doing course assignments for people thou as that is just naughty!!.

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